Experiments Physical Concept Reference Materials 1. Millikan Oil Drop Charge of the electron Melissinos (1.2), Instruction Sheet 2. Spectroscopy Identifying elements from spectral lines Melissinos (1.4), Experiment Description, Young and Freedman (36.4-36.5)  Krane (6.4) Homework 1 3. Charge-to-mass ratio Charge-to-mass ratio of the electron Web Page 4. Planck's Constant Measuring the "quantum of action" photoelectric effect Instruction Manual, Krane (3.2) Basic Procedure (WH) Spectral response of the LEDs csv files:     F472, F505, F525, F588, F611 5. Radioactive Half-Life Lifetime of Barium-137 Melissinos (8.6), Krane (12.6,9,10) 1. Nuclear Spectroscopy, 2. Student's Manual 3. Energy calibration of the PMT 4. Utube video of NaI doped with Thallium & PMT 6. Geiger-Muller Tube Absorption ceoefficient for radiation in matter Poisson statistics Melissinos (8.3.4) 1. Geiger counter, 2. Characteristics of GM tube, 3. Energy loss of alpha particles in air, 4. Poisson Distribution, 5. Attenuation and Range experiments 6. Cobalt-60 decay diagram 7. Absorption Plot for gamma rays in aluminum 7. Zeeman Effect Two valence electrons in transition Magnetic moment of the electron Melissinos (6.5), Web Page, Krane (7.8) 8. Franck-Hertz Experiment Discrete energy transfer through atomic excitation Melissinos (1.3), Web Page, Krane (6.6)     Experiment Description 9. Electron Diffraction Interatomic spacing of carbon atoms MP-2, KK (4.2) TEL2555 instruction sheet and reference material 3B Scientific Tube Instructions 10. Cavendish Balance Calculate the universal gravitational constant, G Classical Physics writeup and supplemental material. Fitting program using Mathematica 11. Bragg Diffraction Calculate the interplaner spacing in a salt crystal Instruction sheet
 Lectures Description Reference Materials 1. The Bohr Atom The velocity, radius, and energy of the hydrogen atom 2. Mathematica Examples using Mathematica Homework Assignment 3. Fitting a Straight Line Fitting Data with Error Bars    DetFit7.m Fitting with Mathematica  DetFit 7   (Tutorial) Fitting a Straight Line (Technical Note) Taylor--chapter 8 Melissinos (10.1, 10.2, & 10.3) 4. Non-linear Fits Introduction to Chi-Square and Error Analysis (Fits to exponential functions) Fitting data with error bars (chi-square) program          (determinants) program          (summary) pdf 5. Error Analysis Error Propagation Taylor--Chapter 3.11 6. Chi-Square Distribution Calculating Errors and Confidence Levels Properties of the reduced chi-square chisquare.nb  Taylor--Chapter 12 ReducedChiSquareFunction.nb Spring Calendar 2023

Other relevant material:

1. Probability Distribution Functions--Monte Carlo
2. Things I should know about writing my formal report.
3. Solutions to Mathematica homework.
4. LaTeX material and
a sample paper, but also copy the following graphic into the same folder so your latex program can find it. And copy the bibtex file as well.
5. Mathematica Stuff -- examples of Mathematica programs applied to physics problems.
6. Website describing Helmholtz coils.
7. Sample formal writeup.
8.   Weekly Checklist and Grading Rubric for the 2-day labs.
9.   Weekly Checklist and Grading Rubric for the 3-day labs.

# Spring 2023

 Syllabus Grades Schedule Homework